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[复习指导] 【华慧考博】考博英语阅读理解练习题7.14(一)  

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发表于 2017-7-5 16:49 |显示全部帖子

考博英语阅读理解练习题含答案及解析(一)

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了解详情,请点击>>>>英语专项强化训练——阅读

  “I want to criticize the social system, and to show it at work, at its most intense.”Virginia Woolf’s provocative statement about her intentions in writing Mrs. Dalloway has regularly been ignored by the critics, since it highlights an aspect of her literary interests very different from the raditional picture of the “poetic”novelist concerned with examining states of reverie and vision and with following the intricate pathways of individual consciousness.But Virginia Woolf was a realistic as well as a poetic novelist, a satirist and social critic as well as a visionary:literary critics’cavalier dismissal of Woolf’s social vision will not withstand scrutiny.


    In her novels, Woolf is deeply engaged by the questions of how individuals are shaped (or deformed) by their social environments, how historical forces impinge on people’s lives, how class, wealth, and gender help to determine people’s fates. Most of her novels are rooted in a realistically rendered social setting and in a precise historical time.

    Woolf’s focus on society has not been generally recognized because of her intense antipathy to propaganda in art. The pictures of reformers in her novels are usually satiric or sharply critical. Even when Woolf is fundamentally sympathetic to their causes, she portrays people anxious to reform their society and possessed of a message or program as arrogant or dishonest, unaware of how their political ideas serve their own psychological needs. (Her Writer’s Diary notes: “the only honest people are the artists,” whereas “these social reformers and philanthropists… harbor… discreditable desires under the disguise of loving their kind…”) Woolf detested what she called “preaching” in fiction, too, and criticized novelist D. H. Lawrence (among others) for working by this  method.


   Woolf’s own social criticism is expressed in the language of observation rather than in direct commentary, since for her, fiction is a contemplative, not an active art. She describes phenomena and provides materials for a judgment about society and social issues; it is the reader’s work to put the observations together and understand the coherent point of view behind them. As a moralist, Woolf works by indirection, subtly undermining officially accepted mores, mocking, suggesting, calling into question, rather than asserting, advocating, bearing witness: hers is the satirist’s art.

    Woolf’s literary models were acute social observers like Chekhov and  Chaucer. As she put it in The Common Reader, “It is safe to say that not a single law has been framed or one stone set upon another because of anything Chaucer said or wrote; and yet, as we read him, we are absorbing morality at every pore.” Like Chaucer, Woolf chose to understand as well as to judge, to know her society root and branch — a decision crucial in order to produce art rather than polemic.


1.Which of thefollowing would be the most appropriate title for thetext?

[A] Poetry and Satire as Influences on the Novels ofVirginia Woolf.

[B] Virginia Woolf: Critic and Commentator on theTwentieth-Century Novel.

[C] Trends in Contemporary Reform Movements as a Key toUnderstandingVirginia Woolf’s Novels.

[D] Virginia Woolf’s Novels: Critical Reflections on the Individual and on Society.


2.In thefirst paragraph of the text, the author’s attitude toward the literary critics mentioned can best bedescribed as.

[A] disparaging.

[B] ironic.

[C] facetious.

[D] skeptical but resigned.


3.It can beinferred from the text that Woolf chose Chaucer as a literary example becauseshe believed that.

[A] Chaucer was the first English author to focus onsociety as a whole as well as on individual characters.

[B] Chaucer was an honest and forthright author, whereasnovelists like D. H. Lawrence did not sincerely wish to change society.

[C] Chaucer was more concerned with understanding hissociety than with calling its accepted mores into question.

[D] Chaucer’s writing wasgreatly, if subtly, effective in influencing the moral attitudes of hisreaders.

4.It can beinferred from the text that the most probable reason Woolf realisticallydescribed the social setting in the majority of her novels was that she.

[A] was aware that contemporary literary critics consideredthe novel to be the most realistic of literary genres.

[B] was interested in the effect of a person’s social milieu on his or her character and actions.

[C] needed to be as attentive to detail as possible in hernovels in order to support the arguments she advanced in them.

[D] wanted to show that a painstaking fidelity in therepresentation of reality did not in any way hamper the artist.


5.Which ofthe following phrases best expresses the sense of the word“contemplativeas it is used in line 2, paragraph 4 of the text?

[A] Gradually elucidating the rational structuresunderlying accepted  mores.

[B] Reflecting on issues in society without prejudice oremotional commitment.

[C] Avoiding the aggressive assertion of the author’s perspective to the exclusion of the readers judgment.

[D] Conveying a broad view of society as a whole rather than focusing on anisolated individual consciousness.




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菜鸟学飞 我最勤奋 女王驾到 资深大虾 辅导老师 白富美坛花 高富帅之印 任务之星 好人卡

发表于 2017-7-5 16:49 |显示全部帖子

大家加油做题哦!!

        

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菜鸟学飞 我最勤奋 女王驾到 资深大虾 辅导老师 白富美坛花 高富帅之印 任务之星 好人卡

发表于 2017-7-5 16:50 |显示全部帖子

查看参答案及解析,请回复帖子

        

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发表于 2017-7-14 16:40 |显示全部帖子
看不懂,很多单词不认识

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菜鸟学飞 我最勤奋 女王驾到 资深大虾 辅导老师 白富美坛花 高富帅之印 任务之星 好人卡

发表于 2017-7-15 16:21 |显示全部帖子
回复 春归柳梢 的帖子

那还要加油
        

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发表于 2017-7-15 17:56 |显示全部帖子
很好啊啊啊吧

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发表于 2017-7-17 22:51 |显示全部帖子
看看

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发表于 2017-9-8 07:55 |显示全部帖子
阅读理解中有不少生词。
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