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华慧考博:2018考博英语自测题

Rank: 4

发表于 2017-4-20 16:24 |显示全部帖子

PART 1 TRANSLATION (Chinese to English )

1.为了减缓交通,提高空气质量,北京颁布了新的交通规则。

To relieve the traffic and improve the air quality, new traffic regulations have been issued in Beijing.

考点一:减缓交通(relieve the traffic)

考点二:颁布(issue)

2.有可靠的证据表明,日光暴晒与皮肤癌之间有联系。(evidence)

There is convincing evidence of a link between exposure to sunlight and skin cancer.

考点一:日光曝晒(exposure to sunlight)

考点二:“皮肤癌”一词的翻译

3.虽然他深知吸烟有害健康,但他对我们要他戒烟的忠告却置若罔闻。(aware)

Tough he is aware that smoking is harmful to health, he is always turning a deaf ear to our advice that he give up smoking.

考点一:be aware of …的用法

考点二:be harmful to …的用法

考点三:对……置若罔闻(turn a deaf ear to)

4.科学家们不负众望,成功发射了一枚人造卫星。(live)

The scientists successfully launched a man-made satellite, living up to people’s expectation.

考点一:不负众望(live up to people’s expectation)

考点二:发射卫星(launch a satellite)

5.那场大雾直到11点钟才散去,延误了好几十个航班。(It, dozen)

It was not until 11 o’clock that the heavy fog disappeared and it delayed dozens of flights.

考点一:It was not until…that…的强调句型的使用

考点二:好几十个(dozens of)

6.书籍引导我们进入优秀的社会群体,将我们带到伟大的思想家面前。读书中我们耳闻目睹他们的言行举止,仿佛见到了他们活生生的身影,我们同情他们的遭遇,与他们有东共享、有难同当。他们的遭遇似乎也成为了我们的经历,使我们感到我们自己有点像在他们所描绘的情景中扮演角色。

Books introduce us into the best society; they bring us into the presence of the greatest minds that ever lived. We hear they said and did; we see them as if they were really alive; we sympathize with them, enjoy with them, grieve with them; their experience become ours, and we feel as if we were in the scenes which they describe.

7.名声、财产和权利等都是身外之物,人人都可求而得之,但没有人能够代替你感受人生。如果你真正意识到这一点,你就会明白,人生在世最重要的事就是活出你自己的特色和滋味来。你的人生是否有意义,衡量的标准不是外在的成功,而是对人生意义的独特领悟和追求。

Fame, wealth and power are merely worldly possessions within the reach of anybody striving for them. But your experience of life and feelings about life are your own and they could not be shared. A full awareness of this will point out you that the most important thing in your existence is your distinctive individuality or something special of yours. What really counts is not your worldly success but your peculiar insight into the meaning of life and your commitment to it.

PART 2 WRITING

Some people claim that the disadvantages of the car are more than the advantages,do you agree or disagree? You should write a composition no less than 200 words.

范文1

the birth of cars have made an enormous change to our life.in the past,we travel from one place to another only by foot,nowadays,cars can do it .its goes without saying that the invention of cars bring great benefit to all of us.but as proverb goes:no garden without weeds.car is not exception.

owing a car has a lot of advantages.for one thing,car provide us the most convenient way of transportation.we can get around freely without spending a lot of time.emotionally,i always found driving is so exciting.for another,its the comfortable to drive a car.In winter.drivers always can stay warm and dry even in rainy whether,in addition,drivers are usually safe in their cars when they are out at night.

Cars bring the human merits,their side-effects gradually come to the surface.firstly,to run a car need a lot of oil,which is getting less and less.the increasing number of cars contribute the lacking of energy.secondly,as more and more cars are used,the traffic especially in big cities is getting heaver and heavier,which lead to the serious social problem--traffic jam.in addition,the increasing numbers of cars ,which exhaust sent a huge quantities of carbon monoxide into atmosphere.it make the air of cities unbreathable,it strip people contact with fresh air.

therefore,the new energy should be explored to replace the oil so that our environment pollution can be avoided .and the strick law should be issued to keep the numbers of cars under control.thus,our heavier traffic can be solved!

范文2

Private cars vs Public traffic

As traffic problems become more and more serious in many cities of developed and developing countries, their governments have to try hard and loads of money and energy have been spent to deal with them.

Firstly, it is not efficient for the commuters to use their private cars to and back from their workplaces. Occasionally we can see they have to sit on the wheels wasting time and fuel in a heavy traffic jam. At the same time, through burning the fossil fuels, green house gas CO2, CO1, acid rain gas SO2, fumes and dusts are being released into the atmosphere, all of which heavily overload the environment. Thirdly, with the increase of private cars, the road traffic accidents are also rise dramatically. For example, in a city with 5000 cars, there will be at least 250 accidents happening everyday, which also burden the public healthy services.

On the contrary, expected public traffic may be an ideal solution to these problems. For example city buses and railways are widely used or being constructed by many cities. People can take buses easily, which can be found every 10 minutes or less in the peak time. Actually, Nottingham Transport Company is building its own light railway in the city, which is announced by the speak man of the company, “It will be completed in the next year, the tickets will be very competitive and at the same time the travel will be very safe and comfortable.”

On the other hand, public traffic had its own disadvantages. Usually it cannot provide door-to-door service. It is inconvenient to go shopping by public vehicles. Sometimes you must wait a long time for the train. And quite a lot of people prefer to enjoy driving.

In conclusion, developing the public traffic is a useful approach to deal with these difficulties. One possible way, if not the best, is to taxi private cars heavily and use these revenues to provide citizens cheaper public traffic services.

范文3

With the development of science and technology, the cars have already become the important component in our daily life gradually. Cars make our life convenient and swift. However, too many cars have caused very serious social problems. Some people claim that the disadvantages of car are more than the advantages. I doubt whether the argument can bear much analysis.

Since one century [ago], the auto industry has [been] developed at full speed worldwide, and has brought the enormous progresses to our life. For example, the car is the most convenient tool of transportation. We can [be] on and off duty by car every day, we can go to travel by car on the vacation, we can utilize the cars to deal with some emergency too. The car [is] playing an important role in our daily life. They make our rhythm of life faster and faster, make our business become more and more efficient.

On the other hand, the development of the automobile has brought a lot of infant industry to people, Give people countless employment opportunities too. Such as, manufacturing industry, repairing industry and maintaining industry. We are enjoying the convenience that the cars bring to us; at the same time we can utilize the auto industry to support ourselves.However, we can not ignore that too many cars cause enormous social problems, for example, traffic jam, air pollution, traffic accident, to which we have to find a solution.

In a word, the cars have brought enormous change to our life; the advantages are far more than the disadvantages. We should recognize the merit of the cars, and do our best to solve the problems. If so, our life will be brighter.

Rank: 4

发表于 2017-4-20 16:29 |显示全部帖子
谢谢,楼主。好资料 好资料  好资料
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